Sessions and Themes
- Shifting the paradigm: Vikas Saini
- Magical thinking and Modern medicine: Harvey Fineberg
- What makes us do it?
- What will it take to get us there?: Don Berwick
- What are the knowledge gaps in avoiding avoidable care?
- Case discussions
- What are the ethical issues?
- Medical journals and the issue of avoidable care
- The schizophrenic life of the hospital CEO
- A reason to change: Shannon Brownlee
- Social responsibility of physicians: Bernard Lown
- Behavior-changing Best practices
- Global dimensions of unnecessary care: Julio Frenk
- Payment mechanisms and the Culture of medicine
- Choosing wisely and beyond: What are the next steps?
- How can patients help drive the needed change?
Moderators and Panelists
The Avoiding Avoidable Care Conference will bring together clinicians, policymakers, and thought-leaders from all over the US. Our list of moderators and panelists include:
Nancy Howell Agee is President and CEO, Carilion Clinic. Carilion is an integrated healthcare organization serving Western Virginia. Carilion includes a multi-specialty physician group, eight hospitals, the Jefferson College of Health Sciences and a joint ventured Medical School with Virginia Tech. Carilion is dedicated to quality healthcare and inspiring good health throughout the region. Ms. Agee has served in various management roles with Carilion over the past 20 years. In 1996, she was appointed vice president and has gradually assumed increasing administrative and executive leadership roles. Ms. Agee holds degrees with honors from the University of Virginia and Emory University and participated in postgraduate studies at the Kellogg School of Business, Northwestern University.
Charles M. Blatt, MD graduated from Harvard College in 1972 and the Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in 1978. He completed his medical residency at Beth Israel Hospital, Boston, and his fellowship in cardiovascular disease at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr. Blatt is Board-certified in Cardiovascular Disease and Internal Medicine. He is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Medicine at the Harvard Medical School and an Associate Physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He joined the Lown Group of physicians in 1984. Dr. Blatt has directed several of the Lown Foundation’s research projects, focusing on the roles of depression and anxiety in coronary artery disease.
Howard Brody, MD, PhD completed his residency in family practice at the University of Virginia Medical Center. He served as University Distinguished Professor of Family Practice, Philosophy, and the Center for Ethics and Humanities in the Life Sciences at Michigan State University from 1985 to 2000. In 2006, Dr. Brody became the Director of the Institute for the Medical Humanities and John P. McGovern Centennial Chair in Family Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston. He is the author of The Future of Bioethics (Oxford University Press, 2009), Hooked: Ethics, the Medical Profession, and the Pharmaceutical Industry (Rowman and Littlefield, 2007), The Healer’s Power (Yale University Press, 1992), Stories of Sickness (Yale University Press, 1987; second edition, Oxford University Press, 2003). A member of the Institute of Medicine, he was given the Lifetime Achievement Award of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities in 2009.
Christine K. Cassel, MD, President and CEO of the American Board of Internal Medicine and the ABIM Foundation, is a leading expert in geriatric medicine, medical ethics and quality of care. Dr. Cassel is a member of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology (PCAST) and the Commonwealth Fund’s Commission on a High Performance Health System. She served on the IOM committees that wrote the influential reports To Err is Human and Crossing the Quality Chasm. Dr. Cassel is former Dean of Medicine at Oregon Health and Science University, Chair of Geriatrics at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York, and Chief of General Internal Medicine at the University of Chicago.
Amitabh Chandra, PhD is an economist and a Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government. He is a Research Fellow at the IZA Institute in Bonn, Germany, and at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). In 2011 he served as Massachusetts’ Special Commissioner on Provider Price Reform. His research focuses on productivity and cost-growth in healthcare and racial disparities in healthcare. His research has been supported by the National Institute of Aging, the National Institute of Child Health and Development, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, and has been published in the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, the New England Journal of Medicine, and Health Affairs. He is an editor of the Review of Economics and Statistics, Economics Letters, and the American Economic Journal. Professor Chandra has testified to the United States Senate, the National Academy of Science, the Institute of Medicine and the United States Commission on Civil Rights. He is the recipient of an Outstanding Teacher Award, the first-prize recipient of the Upjohn Institute’s International Dissertation Research Award, the Kenneth Arrow Award for best paper in health economics, and the Eugene Garfield Award for the impact of medical research.
Jeanette G. Clough, RN, MS, MHA presently serves as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Mount Auburn Hospital in Cambridge, Massachusetts. She has extensive experience in various clinical and administrative roles, including having served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Deaconess Waltham Hospital, Chief Operating Officer of WalWest Health Systems, Inc. and Vice President, Patient Care at WalthamWeston Hospital & Medical Center. She earned her undergraduate degree in nursing from Boston University. She also holds a Masters’ Degree in Science from Boston College and a Masters’ Degree in Health Administration from Suffolk University. Working closely with physicians Ms. Clough has led Mount Auburn Hospital’s successful engagement in risk based contracting with multiple commercial payers including the Medicare Advantage program for seniors. This experience led to the agreement with Blue Cross Blue Shield of Massachusetts to be the first hospital to begin the “Alternative Quality Contract” (AQC) that combines significant achievement in quality with goals to reduce overall cost trends. As of January 1, 2012 Mount Auburn Hospital and its physicians were selected as one of only 32 hospitals/health systems in the country to enter into the “Pioneer ACO”, a pilot program and Medicare risk contract with the Center for Medicare Services (CMS).
Gregory Curfman, MD has had a career as a professional medical editor at the New England Journal of Medicine for 26 years. He is currently the executive editor of the Journal, a position that he has held for 12 years. Prior to being appointed executive editor, he served as deputy editor of the Journal for 14 years. Dr. Curfman is a board-certified internal medicine physician and cardiologist, and he holds two academic appointments at Harvard Medical School: assistant professor in the Department of Medicine and lecturer in the Department of Health Care Policy. Dr. Curfman is a member of AcademyHealth and a fellow of the American College of Cardiology, the American Heart Association, and the American College of Physicians.
Tom Denberg, MD, PhD, FACP has been Vice President of Quality and Patient Safety for Harvard Vanguard since July, 2010. Previously, Dr. Denberg was Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Colorado School of Medicine where he served as the medical director for several programs including the Center for Health Promotion, the Hospital Quality Improvement Program, and the Internal Medicine Primary Care Residency Research Program. In his role for Harvard Vanguard, Dr. Denberg is the organizational leader in the design, development, and implementation of quality and safety initiatives, and is a champion of organizational excellence in clinical care and patient experience. He creates and maintains an integrated strategic and tactical plan to organize and coordinate work throughout Harvard Vanguard and Atrius Health around quality and safety improvement.
Susan Dentzer is the editor-in-chief of Health Affairs, the nation’s leading journal of health policy, and is an on-air analyst on health issues with the PBS NewsHour. She previously led the NewsHour’s health unit, reporting extensively on-air about health care reform debates. She is an elected member of the Institute of Medicine and the Council on Foreign Relations. Ms. Dentzer graduated from Dartmouth, is a trustee emerita of the college, and chaired the Dartmouth Board of Trustees from 2001 to 2004. She currently serves as a member of the Board of Overseers of Dartmouth Medical School and is an Overseer of the International Rescue Committee, a leading humanitarian organization. She is also on the board of directors of Research!America, an alliance working to make research to improve health a higher priority.
Phil B. Fontanarosa, MD, MBA is the Executive Editor of JAMA, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and is Vice-President of Scientific Publications at the American Medical Association. Dr. Fontanarosa has been an editor at JAMA since 1993, served as Interim Co-Editor-in-Chief of JAMA in 1999, and has been Executive Editor since 2000. Dr. Fontanarosa received his Medical Degree from the Medical College of Ohio and was selected as the 2009 Distinguished Alumnus. He is board certified in Emergency Medicine, and received an MBA degree from the University of Notre Dame. Dr. Fontanarosa has published over 100 articles, has edited 2 books, and has served as issue editor for 16 theme issues of JAMA. Dr Fontanarosa also is Adjunct Professor of Emergency Medicine and Preventive Medicine at the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine.
Elizabeth B. Gilbertson is Chief of Strategy for UNITE HERE HEALTH (formerly the Hotel Employees and Restaurant Employees International Union Welfare Fund), a national Taft-Hartley health trust that covers approximately 200,000 lives. She was a founder and Chair/Co-Chair (1999-2010) of the Health Services Coalition, a large labor-management organization that contracts with hospitals and advocates for public policy to improve health care quality, affordability, and access in Nevada. She has served on National Quality Forum task forces on patient safety and ambulatory care measures, is a Board member of the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA), and was recently appointed to the federal Interagency Pain Research Coordinating Committee. She holds a Bachelor’s Degree in History from Smith College and Master’s Degree in Health Advocacy from Sarah Lawrence College. In addition, she attended the Yale University School of Public Health and has an Associate Degree in Nursing.
David C. Goodman, MD, MS is Professor of Pediatrics and of Health Policy at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice, in Hanover, New Hampshire; Director of the Center for Health Policy Research; and Co-Principal Investigator, Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. Dr. Goodman received his medical degree from the State University of New York Upstate Medical Center, his master’s degree in medical care epidemiology from Dartmouth College and his residency in pediatrics at The Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore, Maryland. He serves on the editorial boards of Health Services Research and the Journal of Pediatrics, and is the Vice Chair of the Council on Graduate Medical Education.
Allan H. Goroll, MD, a general internist, is a Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Physician, Medical Service, Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). He graduated summa cum laude from Brandeis University and cum laude from Harvard Medical School. He is considered one of the pioneers of modern primary care, having initiated the nation’s first residency track in primary care internal medicine at MGH, and lead-authored with colleagues the first textbook of primary care internal medicine (Primary Care Medicine). In his role as a clinician educator, he has led development of outpatient training both within and outside of Harvard, co-chairing a national initiative to reform the curriculum of the Core Medicine Clerkship, emphasizing generalist competencies and office-based learning. Dr. Goroll continues to practice and teach primary care internal medicine at the MGH.
Jessie Gruman, PhD is president of the Center for Advancing Health, a nonpartisan, Washington-based policy institute founded in 1992 and supported by foundations and individuals to work on patient engagement: people will not benefit from the health care available to them unless they can participate fully and competently in it. Dr. Gruman draws on her own experience of treatment for four cancer diagnoses, surveys, peer-reviewed research and interviews with patients and caregivers as the basis of her work to describe – and advocate for policies and practices to overcome – the challenges people face in finding good care and getting the most from it. She holds a B.A. from Vassar College and a Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Columbia University and is a Professorial Lecturer in the School of Public Health and Health Services at The George Washington University.
Ted Herwig, MD, FAAFP serves as the Chairman of the Board for New England Quality Care Alliance and is a family physician in full time private practice on Cape Cod. He has been the Chairman and Medical Director for Cape Physicians LLC since 2002 and was one of the founding members of this regional primary care IPA. He was on the Board of Primary Care LLC and now chairs the NEQCA board. He was on the admitting staff of Cape Cod Hospital for 20 years and served three terms as Department Chief of Family Medicine. He is the sub-acute medical director for the short-term rehab unit at Eagle Pond in South Dennis, MA. Dr Herwig is a University of Cincinnati and Duke Family Medicine residency graduate.
David U. Himmelstein MD is a Professor of Public Health at the City University of New York and a Visiting Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. He graduated from Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons, completed a medical residency at Highland Hospital in Oakland, California, a fellowship in General Internal Medicine at Harvard and practiced primary care internal medicine at the public hospital in Cambridge, MA for 28 years. He has authored or co-authored more than 100 journal articles and three books, including widely-cited studies of medical bankruptcy and the high administrative costs of the U.S. health care system. His 1984 study of patient dumping led to the enactment of EMTALA, the law that banned that practice. He co-founded Physicians for a National Health Program, who’s 17,000 members advocate for non-profit, single payer national health insurance.
Daniel Hoefer, MD is the Chief Medical Officer for Sharp HealthCare’s outpatient palliative care program, Transitions and Associate Medical Director for Sharp HospiceCare. In addition, he is a board certified family practice physician and is part of Sharp Rees Stealy Medical Group in San Diego. His background includes participation on the Risk Management and Utilization Review Committees for Sharp Rees-Stealy since 1994. He has spent over 25 years working in nursing homes and with geriatric patients. Dr. Hoefer is an EPEC trained physician who has been the visionary for the development of an evidence-based disease management care model for late stage illness. He frequently presents educational conferences on a local, state and national level to physicians and other healthcare providers on issues surrounding the timely provision of end-of-life care and innovative care models.
Jerome R. Hoffman, MA, MD helped create and direct the UCLA Doctoring Program, and his hundreds of research papers, directed at various aspects of Health Services (utilization, screening, decision-making, and ethics) have been supported by numerous federal grants. He has won numerous local, regional, and national teaching awards, as well as national awards for research in Emergency Medicine. Dr. Hoffman has done sabbaticals the University of Paris, the University of Tokyo, and Cambridge University, and spoken at numerous national and international meetings. He is currently a Professor of Emergency Medicine at University of Southern California and Professor Emeritus at UCLA.
Rob Janett, MD has been Medical Director at the Mount Auburn Cambridge Independent Practice Association (MACIPA) for over 20 years. MACIPA is a physician organization with over 500 members, providing quality improvement, contracting, and information management services to support better patient care. He is also a founder and Senior Medical Director at Network Health, where he is responsible for medical supervision of the medical management, credentialing, quality, and appeals and grievances departments, and provides clinical support to the plan’s nurses and social workers. Rob maintains an active practice as a primary care physician with the Cambridge Health Alliance. He is also an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and a clinical instructor in health science at Northeastern University. He consults on health policy issues to the World Bank and other agencies in the Latin America region.
Suzi Johnson, MPH, RN is Registered Nurse with more than 25 years experience in healthcare. She currently serves as the Vice President of Sharp HospiceCare, a program of Sharp HealthCare located in San Diego, CA. Suzi’s responsibilities include strategic planning, business development, operational oversight, two hospice homes, community outreach and philanthropy. Her extensive experience in leadership and her passion for excellence in end of life care has helped to make Sharp HospiceCare the first hospice in San Diego to offer a weekend long bereavement camp for children, the first to offer a Memory Bear Program, and the first in San Diego to open two hospice homes specializing in end of life care. Suzi has been the visionary in developing a home based palliative care consultation program for heart failure, COPD, and dementia.
Salomeh Keyhani, MD, MPH is an Assistant Professor in the Division of General Internal Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco. She is a researcher and staff physician at the San Francisco VA Medical Center. She is a practicing primary care internist and a health services researcher. Her research interests include the examination of the quality of health care and health policy research. Her quality of care research to date has focused on examining the underuse and overuse of medical procedures and comparing receipt of appropriate preventive care in different systems of care. She has examined the quality of health care guidelines, the prevalence of conflicts of interest in medicine and she has also surveyed physicians on their views regarding coverage expansions defensive medicine, comparative effectiveness research and reimbursement reform.
Chuck Kilo, MD, MPH is the Chief Medical Officer at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) where his responsibilities include performance improvement, quality and safety, clinical risk management, and clinical informatics. Prior to joining OHSU, Chuck started and ran GreenField Health, a primary care medical group that also provides consulting in quality and performance improvement. He was previously a vice president at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI) where he ran the Idealized Design of Clinical Office Practices initiative. Chuck is a general internist.
David Lansky, PhD is the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Pacific Business Group on Health (PBGH) and directs its efforts to improve the affordability and availability of high quality health care. Since 2008, David Lansky has led the coalition of 50 large employers and health care purchasers representing over three million Californians, including CalPERS, Wells Fargo, Intel, Safeway, Chevron, and the University of California. PBGH also collaborates with diverse stakeholders on national health care policy issues through the Consumer-Purchaser Disclosure Project. He is the author of over 30 peer-reviewed papers on outcomes research and quality measurement and holds a PhD degree from the University of California, Berkeley.
Eric Larson, MD, MPH is Vice President for Research, Group Health and Executive Director of the Group Health Research Institute. He served as Medical Director of University of Washington Medical Center and Associate Dean for Clinical Affairs from l989-2002. His research spans a range of general medicine topics and has focused on aging and dementia, including a long running study of aging and cognitive change set in Group Health Cooperative. He has served as President of the Society of General Internal Medicine, Chair of the OTA/DHHS Advisory Panel on Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders and was Chair of the Board of Regents (2004-05), American College of Physicians. He is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences Institute of Medicine.
Allen S. Lichter, MD is the Chief Executive Officer of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the world’s leading professional organization representing nearly 30,000 physicians and health professionals in oncology. Prior to joining ASCO in 2006, Dr. Lichter was at the University of Michigan in two significant leadership roles. He served as Chair and Professor of Radiation Oncology from 1984-1998 and as Dean of the Medical School from 1998 – 2006. Dr. Lichter was named the first Isadore Lampe Professor of Radiation Oncology, an endowed chair, and also was the Newman Family Professor of Radiation Oncology. Prior to his tenure at the University of Michigan, Dr.Lichter was the Director of the Radiation Therapy Section of the NCI’s Radiation Oncology Branch. Dr.Lichter’s research and development of three-dimensional treatment planning led to a Gold Medal from the American Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology (ASTRO). In 2002 he was elected to membership in the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Science. As a member of ASCO since 1980, Dr. Lichter has assumed many prominent roles in the Society, including President (1998-1999) and Founding Chairman of ASCO’s Conquer Cancer Foundation Board.
Elizabeth W. Loder, MD, MPH received an undergraduate biology degree from Harvard College, an MD from the University of North Dakota and an MPH from the University of Massachusetts. She has worked as a clinician and researcher in the headache field since completing a fellowship in headache medicine. She divides her time between her position as the Clinical Epidemiology Editor at the British Medical Journal and duties as the Chief of the Division of Headache and Pain in the Department of Neurology at the Brigham and Women’s/Faulkner Hospitals in Boston. She is an Associate Professor of Neurology at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Loder is the President-Elect of the American Headache Society and has served on the board of directors of the International Headache Society.
Richard Lopez, MD, a physician at Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, was appointed Chief Medical Officer in January 2009. In this position, Dr. Lopez works collaboratively with the Chief Medical Officers and Chief Executive Officers of the five Atrius Health medical groups across a wide range of clinical and quality initiatives. Specifically, Dr. Lopez’s focus includes clinical program and regional project development, clinical aspects of payer/provider contracting, clinical informatics, medical management, and safety and quality, as well as collaborating to develop quality standards and the outcome reporting measures and clinical dashboards that support the medical groups in meeting those standards. More than a 25-year veteran of Harvard Vanguard, Dr. Lopez has made many significant contributions to the organization and was recently the recipient of Harvard Vanguard’s Lifetime Achievement Award. Dr. Lopez received his medical degree from Boston University School of Medicine and completed his residency and internship at St. Elizabeth’s Hospital. He is a clinical instructor at Harvard Medical School.
George Lundberg, MD is President and Chair of the Board of Directors of The Lundberg Institute, Consulting Professor, Stanford University, and Editor at Large for MedPage Today from Everyday Health. Dr. Lundberg has had thirty years combined experience as Editor in Chief of JAMA, 10 AMA specialty journals, AMA News, Medscape, The Medscape Journal and e-Medicine from Web MD. A 1995 “pioneer” of the medical internet, Dr. Lundberg holds earned and honorary degrees from North Park College, Baylor University, the University of Alabama (Birmingham and Tuscaloosa), the State University of New York, Syracuse, Thomas Jefferson University and the Medical College of Ohio. An academic pathologist by training, Dr Lundberg has held professorial appointments at Northwestern, Harvard, Rush, UC Davis, and USC. He is a past President of the American Society of Clinical Pathologists and a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Sciences. In 2000, the Industry Standard dubbed Dr. Lundberg “Online Health Care’s Medicine Man”.
Philip Madvig, MD joined The Permanente Medical Group in 1983 as a practicing internist at the Kaiser Foundation Hospital in San Francisco, California. Five years later, he became Physician-in-Chief of the San Francisco Kaiser Permanente Medical Center. In 1997, Dr. Madvig assumed the role of Associate Executive Director for The Permanente Medical Group with accountability for quality improvement, disease and population management, accreditation, and research. Dr. Madvig serves on the Board of Directors of the Integrated Healthcare Association and the Garfield Memorial Fund. He is a member of the Committee on Performance Measurement of the National Committee for Quality Assurance. He obtained his AB in Biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and his MS in Nutritional Sciences from University of California, Berkeley. He attended medical school at University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry and the University of California, Los Angeles.
Martin Makary, MD, MPH is a surgeon and health services researcher at Johns Hopkins and author of the upcoming book Unaccountable: how transparency can revolutionize health care by Bloomsbury Press. Dr. Makary was active in the development of the surgical checklist and served in leadership positions for the United Nations World Health Organization (WHO). He has received grants from AHRQ to study patient safety and surgical outcomes and is currently funded by AHRQ to implement an intervention to decrease surgical complications in 100 American Colleges of Surgeons participating hospitals. He serves on the executive council of the American College of Surgeons NSQIP program and is a regular medical commentator for CNN and Fox News. Clinically, he practices laparoscopic surgical oncology and is director of the Johns Hopkins Pancreas Islet Transplant Center.
Dennis McCullough, MD has been an “in-the-trenches” family physician and geriatrician for over 30 years. He is a graduate of Harvard College and Harvard Medical School, and trained in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Western Ontario. He has served as a long-time faculty member in the Department of Community and Family Medicine at Dartmouth Medical School in Hanover NH. He is a member of the American Geriatrics Society, the American Academy of Family Physicians, the Society of Teachers of Family Medicine, and the American Medical Directors Association. The New York Times has credited Dr. McCullough with creating the term “Slow Medicine” to describe a new approach for improved quality eldercare. His book, My Mother, Your Mother: Embracing “Slow Medicine”, the Compassionate Approach to Caring for Your Aging Loved Ones (HarperCollins, 2008) lays out the humane complement to the world of American High-Tech “Fast” Medicine.
Robert Mecklenburg, MD trained at Northwestern University Medical School, the University of Washington and the National Institutes of Health. He joined Virginia Mason in 1974, led the Section of Diabetes and Endocrinology for 14 years and is past Director of the Diabetes Clinical Research Unit. He served as Chief of Medicine and member of VM’s Health Systems Board for eight years. He is currently Medical Director for Virginia Mason’s Center for Health Care Solutions and initiated the Marketplace Collaborative Project in 2004. Dr. Mecklenburg has served in the Food and Drug Administration, as a National Board member of the American Diabetes Association, as Chair of the Council on Health Care Delivery for the ADA, and Chair of the Washington State Health Care Initiative Committee on Benefits for Chronic Conditions. He has studied the Toyota Production System in Japan and is a certified instructor in these methods. He serves as Co-Chair of the Quality Improvement Committee of the Puget Sound Health Care Alliance. His work with employers and health plans has been featured in the Wall Street Journal and Health Affairs.
Diane E. Meier, MD, FACP is Director of the Center to Advance Palliative Care (CAPC), a national organization devoted to increasing the number and quality of palliative care programs in the United States. Under her leadership the number of palliative care programs in U.S. hospitals has more than tripled in the last 5 years. She is Vice-Chair for Public Policy and Professor of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine; Catherine Gaisman Professor of Medical Ethics; and was the founder and Director of the Hertzberg Palliative Care Institute, 1997-2011, all at Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City.
Dolores Mitchell is the Executive Director of the Group Insurance Commission, the agency that provides life, health, disability and dental and vision services to the Commonwealth’s employees, retirees and their dependents; many of these benefits are also provided to a number of authorities, municipalities, and other entities. More than 4000,000 people are covered by the GIC. Mrs. Mitchell has been in this position since 1987, serving in the administrations of Governors Dukakis, Weld, Cellucci, Swift, Romney, and now Governor Patrick. Mrs. Mitchell is a member of a number of professional and community organizations, including the governing board of the Massachusetts Health Care Connector Authority, the Health Care Quality and Cost Council, the Massachusetts Health Council. Mrs. Mitchell is a frequent speaker on health care, politics, women’s career issues, and related subjects.
Ben Moulton, JD, MPH has had an extensive career in health care law serving clients in both the private and public sectors. Prior to joining the Foundation, he served as legal counsel to George Washington Medical Center, which involved providing legal advice to an academic medical center, a teaching hospital, medical school and affiliated physicians. He also served as the executive director of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics for over 15 years. He is an adjunct professor at the Harvard School of Public Health where he teaches a course on health law in clinical practice within the Department of Health Policy & Management. He received his BA from Harvard University. In addition he holds a JD from Georgetown Law Center and an MPH from Harvard University.
Albert G. Mulley, Jr., MD, MPP is Director of the Dartmouth Center for Health Care Delivery Science at Dartmouth College and Professor of Medicine at Dartmouth Medical School. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1970 and was awarded MD and MPP degrees from Harvard Medical School and the Kennedy School of Government in 1975 before spending 35 years on the Harvard faculty and the staff of Massachusetts General Hospital where he was the founding Chief of the General Medicine Division and Director of the Medical Practices Evaluation Center. Dr. Mulley’s research has focused on the use of decision theory and outcomes research to distinguish between warranted and unwarranted variations in clinical practice. This work has led to development of research instruments and approaches, including shared decision-making programs, to support clinicians and patients in their decision-making roles, and to catalyze both learning collaboratives and clinical trials.
David H. Newman, MD is the Director of Clinical Research in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. In addition to being widely published in medical journals Dr. Newman has written editorial and reportage pieces for the New York Times and others, and authored the lay press book Hippocrates’ Shadow. He currently works on the editorial board of Annals of Emergency Medicine and over the past decade has reviewed manuscripts for numerous journals including the Journal of the American Medical Association. Dr. Newman has concentrated his work on medical evidence translation and appraisal, and is the editor-in-chief for two online publications, www.TheNNT.com, a bedside resource for summaries of medical evidence, and www.SMARTEM.org, an open source monthly audio review. He is also an Iraq war veteran. He lives in New York City with his wife.
Shmuel Ravid, MD, MPH is President and Director of the Lown Center and Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School. Dr. Ravid received his MD from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology (1982) and his Masters in Public Health from Harvard University. After training in internal medicine and cardiology in Israel, Dr. Ravid completed fellowships in cardiovascular disease (Brigham and Women’s Hospital) and cardiac electrophysiology (Lahey Clinic/New England Deaconess Hospital), Boston. He is Board-certified in Cardiovascular Disease and Internal Medicine. His clinical and research interests include cardiovascular outcomes and management of cardiac arrhythmias. Dr. Ravid joined the Lown group of physicians in 1987.
Rita F. Redberg, MD, MSc has been a cardiologist and Professor of Medicine at the University of California, San Francisco since 1990. She is currently the Chief Editor of Archives of Internal Medicine and has spearheaded the journal’s new focus on health care reform and “less is more”, which highlights areas of health care with no known benefit and definite risks. Dr. Redberg’s research interests are in the area of health policy and technology assessment focusing on how evidence relates to FDA approval, insurance coverage and medical guidelines and practice. She served on the Medicare Evidence, Development and Coverage Advisory Commission from 2003-2006. She currently is a member of the California Technology Assessment Forum, the Medical Policy Technology and Advisory Committee, and the Food and Drug Administration Cardiovascular Devices Expert Panel and is a consultant to the Center for Medical Technology Policy. Dr. Redberg graduated from Cornell University and the University of Pennsylvania Medical School and has a Master’s of Science in Health Policy and Administration from the London School of Economics.
James Rickert, MD is a practicing orthopedist from Bloomington, IN. He also serves as an Assistant Clinical Professor of Orthopedic Surgery at Indiana University School of Medicine. He is President of The Society for Patient Centered Orthopedics, a group of orthopedic surgeons dedicated to expanding the patient centered care model. He’s particularly interested in developing payment schemes that will incentivize the practice of patient centered medicine. He graduated with honors from Georgetown University School of Medicine and then pursued his orthopedic training at Columbia University Medical Center. He’s published in medical and non-medical periodicals on health care reform and patient centered care.
Patty Skolnik is the Founder and Executive Director of Citizens for Patient Safety (CPS), a non-profit organization that believes that patients must be a participant in their own healthcare and partner with their healthcare professionals. Ms. Skolnik is an international speaker and teaches Patient Advocacy “Taking a Safe Healthcare Journey” a course sponsored by medical facilities interested in educating their community. She also teaches the course “Switching Chairs” for health care professionals. Ms. Skolnik will tell you she did not choose Patient Safety as her profession, but rather it chose her after the untimely death of her only child to medical error. CPS has had three laws passed on transparency, the first time a law has been named after a person in the state of Colorado: The Michael Skolnik Medical Transparency Acts 2007, 2008 & 2010. Patty has been named one of CNN’s “Intriguing People” and was invited to the White House to discuss health care in 2010.
Peter L. Slavin, MD has been the president of Massachusetts General Hospital since 2003. From 1999–2002, he served as chairman and chief executive officer of the Massachusetts General Physicians Organization, which included over 1,700 physicians and employed nearly 1,000 of them. From 1997–1999, Dr. Slavin served as president of Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St. Louis, Miss. Before that, he did his training in internal medicine at Mass General from 1984–1987 and was senior vice president and chief medical officer from 1994–1997. Dr. Slavin graduated from Harvard College in 1979, Harvard Medical School in 1984 and Harvard Business School in 1990. Dr. Slavin teaches internal medicine and health care management at Harvard Medical School, where he is a professor of health care policy. He lectures widely on topics including quality and utilization management, the economics of teaching hospitals and the state of physician practices.
Stephen R. Smith, MD, MPH is professor emeritus of family medicine at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University. He retired in 2007 as associate dean. Dr. Smith earned an international reputation for innovation in medical education. He was the architect of the competency-based curriculum at Brown that has been replicated at many medical schools around the world. Since his retirement, he has been working part-time in the community health center in his hometown of New London, Connecticut, organizing physicians in Connecticut for the National Physicians Alliance (NPA), and consulting for the Partnership to Advance Conflict-Free Medical Education. He also serves as the principal investigator of an NPA project funded by the ABIM Foundation to promote good stewardship in primary care. He earned his medical degree from Boston University School of Medicine in 1972 and his master of public health degree from the University of Rochester in 1977.
Angelo Volandes, MD is a faculty member in the General Medicine Unit at the Massachusetts General Hospital and Assistant Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Volandes’ research is focused on improving decision-making at the end-of-life and is supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, the National Cancer Institute, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the Alzheimer’s Association, and the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making. He received his BA in philosophy from Harvard College, his medical degree from the Yale School of Medicine, and a Masters of Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health. Following medical school, Dr. Volandes completed a residency in internal medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. He then completed fellowships in medical ethics at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He was named the Edmond J. Safra Faculty Fellow in 2004-5 at the Harvard University Center for Ethics.
Steven Weinberger, MD, FACP became Executive Vice President and Chief Executive Officer of the American College of Physicians (ACP) in July 2010. Previously, Dr. Weinberger served as Deputy Executive Vice President and Senior Vice President for Medical Education and Publishing of the College. An internist and pulmonologist, Dr. Weinberger is an adjunct professor of medicine at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. Prior to joining ACP, Dr. Weinberger served on the faculty of Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Hospital/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center for more than 25 years. He was executive vice chair of the Department of Medicine at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, executive director of the Carl J. Shapiro Institute for Education and Research, and professor of medicine and faculty associate dean for medical education at Harvard Medical School. A graduate of Harvard Medical School, Dr. Weinberger completed residency training in internal medicine at the University of California-San Francisco Medical Center, followed by fellowship training in pulmonary medicine at the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health.
Frederick Welt, MD, MS is an Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Harvard School of Medicine, and the Director of the Interventional Cardiology program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. Dr. Welt has published numerous academic papers in prominent cardiology journals, including Circulation and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. He has a graduate of Duke, Penn State, and Yale University School of Medicine, and completed his residency and fellowships at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He is board certified in cardiac medicine and interventional cardiology.
David Wennberg, MD, MPH currently serves as the CEO of the Northern New England Accountable Care Collaborative (NNEACC). Formed by Dartmouth-Hitchcock, Fletcher Allen Health Care, Eastern Maine Healthcare Systems, and Maine Health, NNEAC creates common financing and accountability models and provides a common infrastructure to support the delivery of value-based accountable care. Dr. Wennberg is a current faculty member at The Dartmouth Institute. He serves as Chief Science Advisor for Bupa Health Dialog and is an active member of the Health Dialog Board of Directors. Prior to his work with the Northern New England Accountable Care Collaborative, Dr. Wennberg co-founded Health Dialog Analytic Solutions, the analytic division of Health Dialog and served as Health Dialog’s Chief Science Officer for a number of years. Dr. Wennberg is an internationally recognized authority on the root causes of unwarranted variation. His work has been published in many peer-reviewed medical journals including the NEJM, JAMA, and the Annals of Medicine.